How To Make Vegan Fish Sauce – Learn how to easily make vegan, gluten-free version of fish sauce, a quintessential ingredient in the Southeast Asian kitchen.
Many of the Southeast Asian recipes, especially in Thai, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laos, and Burmese cuisine, use fish sauce as one of the ingredients. Not so much in Indonesian recipes (if at all), Malaysian, and Singaporean cuisine. The latter three countries use more of shrimp paste, which is also another umami boosting ingredient.
Back to the fish sauce people!!
WHAT IS FISH SAUCE?
Fish sauce sure has gained its popularity in recent years as Asian cuisine started to get more exposure, especially Southeast Asian cuisine. Fish sauce is made of fish that is salted and then fermented for months and sometimes years. It has a very intense aroma and taste. Extremely salty and it’s not meant to be consumed just like that of course! They are mainly used in cooking to add that extra boost of taste and umami flavor
WHAT IS VEGAN FISH SAUCE THEN?
Vegan fish sauce, in this case, is a “fishless” fish sauce 🙂 Vegan diet has also gained popularity in this modern years. It can be challenging to cook vegan-friendly Southeast Asian food without fish sauce that gives you that extra oompph! It gets its umami flavor from mushroom, wakame (dried seaweed), and soy sauce. The miso paste add hint of fermentation to mimic those of non-vegan fish sauce
SPECIAL INGREDIENTS USED TO MAKE FISH SAUCE
1. Wakame (dried seaweed)
Wakame is edible seaweed which is widely used in Japan and also in another Asian country like China. Available widely in Asian grocery store and health food store. Wakame almost mimic that “fishy” (or probably I should say “ocean” aroma) aroma, which is why it is used in this recipe to mimic that of non-vegan fish sauce. It doubles or triples its size once hydrated.
2. Shiitake mushrooms
They are available in dried or fresh form. This recipe calls for dried shiitake mushrooms. They are used in cooking all over Asia. Shiitake mushrooms give the vegan fish sauce its pungent umami flavor.
Tamari is also a soy sauce but has little to no wheat in it, which is perfect for those who are avoiding gluten. It has richer flavor compared to soy sauce. I actually like tamari better than regular soy sauce. They cost more to compare to regular soy sauce. You can use regular soy sauce for this recipe too. Tamari/soy sauce is the main contributor of saltiness in this vegan soy sauce.
4. Miso paste
You are most likely not new to miso paste anymore. In case you are, it is basically the Japanese version of fermented beans. Typically made with soy beans and sometimes grains like rice or barley. It is used in this recipe to add that hint of fermented aroma to the vegan fish sauce.
DOES VEGAN FISH SAUCE TASTE THE SAME AS REGULAR FISH SAUCE?
Not exactly the same if you ask me. But it does do a great job in giving that umami boost and intense flavor that we are looking for in the regular fish sauce. I guess it can’t be exactly the same when the ingredients used to make both are different. I like the taste of vegan fish sauce to!
WHAT CAN I USE THIS VEGAN FISH SAUCE FOR?
This vegan fish sauce can be used to replace pretty much any recipes that calls for regular fish sauce. They can be used in soup, in dipping sauce, in stir-frying, marinating, etc.
Here is the archive of recipes on this blog that uses fish sauce that you can replace with this vegan fish sauce
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This recipe is adapted from the Kitchn with some modifications.
For baking/ kueh making: I highly encourage to weigh ingredients with a digital kitchen scale instead of using measuring cups as they are not very accurate especially when it comes to recipe that requires precision.GRAMS TO CUPS CONVERSION (UNSIFTED)
- Place water, wakame, garlic, dry shiitake mushrooms in a saucepan and bring it to a rolling boil. Lower the heat to a gentle simmer and let it simmer for the next 20 minutes
- Pour in the soy sauce and miso paste, give it a whisk to dissolve the miso paste. Continue to let it simmer until the volume has reduced by half. Strain the liquid and press the solids with the back of the spoon to get more liquid out. You'll be surprised by how much liquid this mushrooms and seaweed can hold. If you taste it, it should be extremely salty. Remove from the heat into a heat-proof jar. Let it cool down and store in the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks or possibly longer